From 1 January 2021, UKCA (UK Conformity Assessment) marking will replace CE marking as a requirement for goods entering the Great Britain market, including England, Scotland and Wales. This will affect all product manufacturers.
Finch Consulting’s, Senior Consultant, Howard Wheeler explains the new assessment and the steps that manufacturers need to take in order to be ready for the new standard.
Unsurprisingly there has been a greatly increased interest in the new UKCA mark over the last couple of months. Whilst attention might have been temporarily diverted due to the issues caused by Covid 19, manufacturers are now placing much-needed attention as to how they will ensure their products hold a UKCA Marking after the end of the transition period.
What Is UKCA Marking?
UKCA marking is the new UK product marking that will be required for certain products being placed on the market in Great Britain (England, Wales and Scotland). It covers most products that previously required the CE mark.
UKCA marking declares that the product conforms to all applicable UK legislative requirements and that appropriate conformity assessment procedures have been successfully completed.
When will UKCA marking come into force?
From 1st of January 2021, the technical requirements for UKCA Marked equipment will be identical for CE marked equipment. The intention is for that to remain throughout 2021 but EU legislative changes may have an impact.
The technical standards used will be fundamentally the same, however, although the technical content is the same, for UKCA Marking the British Standards Institute versions of the standards should be used.
Who will UKCA Marking immediately affect?
Any impact of UKCA Marking on manufactured food or agriculture products, cosmetics, marine equipment, medical devices, road vehicles, chemicals, medicines, rail interoperability, transportable pressure equipment, construction products or civil explosion products is different and not considered here. There are special requirements for these areas.
For most other CE marked products, from the 1st of January 2021, the Great British market will accept either UKCA marking or CE marking. Many CE marked products will continue to be allowed until the 1st of January 2022 unless the EU changes its relevant legislation and Great Britain doesn’t keep in step.
Some newly manufactured products will need UKCA marking from day one, these being ones sold in Great Britain that require and use a UK third party approval system. EU third party approvals will only be accepted for CE marked products from the 1st of January 2021. If UK approved bodies are instead, the product will need to be UKCA marked.
If a product is already on the market as part of existing stock, say at a distributor, or fully manufactured but not yet delivered to the customer, the sale of CE marked products of any form can continue after the 1st of January 2021. Obviously, this would only be for a short period and you may need to justify the process perhaps by providing copies of sales of goods documents.
What about Northern Ireland?
I’ve been referring to Great Britain up till now rather than the UK, as Northern Ireland is a special case and presently the position is that Northern Ireland will continue to accept all forms of CE marked equipment without a present limitation date. It is important to note, however, that Northern Ireland will not be accepting UKCA marked equipment unless it also has a CE mark. Northern Ireland also has their own marking system the UK(NI) mark and manufacturers will be able to either mark their products with CE or with UK(NI).
What marks will be used in the UK?
- The UKCA mark (GB only, not NI).
- The CE mark (GB until 1/1/2022 unless a UK approved body is used, and presently with no limitations Northern Ireland).
- The UK(NI) mark (Northern Ireland only).
- And possibly even the CE mark somehow associated with the UK(NI) mark (again Northern Ireland only).
Manufacturers will need to produce a dedicated declaration of conformity (and/or incorporation) for UKCA marking, so if the product is also CE marked there will be at least two versions of these declarations.
Please note that either CE or UKCA marking requires compliance with all relevant Directives or Regulations and the recommended position is to have combined declarations for all relevant ones whether it is low voltage equipment, pressure equipment, hazardous area equipment.
Over time UKCA marking will become controlled in a similar way to the present CE mark, but for the immediate future until January 2023 it won’t need to be permanently fixed, so, for example, it could be just a sticker.
If the manufacturer undertakes the importing, then this makes the process simpler but third party importers may ask for copies of the manufacturers Technical Files as their responsibilities generally last for ten years after supply.
In many cases end users will suddenly become importers buying directly from manufacturers in the EU, or vice versa. Importers into the EU, Great Britain and Northern Ireland will all be asked to check manufacturers documentation. This will include:
- the validity of the Declaration,
- that a suitable Technical File exists,
- that these can be provided it if ever asked.
The quality of manufacturers Declarations could very quickly become important whereas at the moment that is not the case. For many goods, the name and addresses of importers need to be identified either on the product, or on the packaging, so additional labelling is required.
If you have any questions about any of the matters discussed in this article please contact: